Line 5 carries synthetic crude oil from Superior, Wisconsin. The original sources are tar sands bitumen from Canada, which has been refined to a “light” oil or “high sour.” Enbridge states that “heavy” diluted bitumen, which is a less refined and more corrosive product that was released into the Kalamazoo River in 2010, does not currently run through Line 5. This pipeline also carries crude oil that originated in the Bakken oil fields of North Dakota. In short, much of the oil transported through Line 5 originates in western Canada, is shipped through Michigan and the Great Lakes, and refined in Canada for markets back in Canada.
Tar sands oil is 82% more toxic in the ground than conventional oil. It also sinks to the bottom of waterways unlike conventional oil – making it very expensive and extremely difficult to clean up. Usually it is easier for companies like Enbridge to leave tar sand oil spills behind and cover them with earth.
“Former Enbridge employee John Bolenbaugh has since blown the whistle on this practice. Here he speaks at a state permit meeting in Michigan for a 64 year old pipeline running underneath the Mackinaw River. Should this pipe bust, it would contaminate the largest fresh water source in the world. ” whistleblower John Bolenbough
Jan 6 #NoGreatlakespipeline #no5piine #superior
REGARDING THE PERMITING OF LINE 5 THROUGH THE CHEQ-NICOLET NATIONAL FOREST NORTH OF HWY 2 IN BAYFIELD COUNTY.
Event here https://www.facebook.com/events/1407597735919350/?ti=icl
See full story here Oil and Water Dont Mix
“Robert Blanchard, chairman of the Bad River band said the 64-year-old pipeline is “an accident waiting to happen.” A spill from the pipeline could affect land and water that the tribal members rely on for hunting, fishing, and gathering wild rice, Blanchard said.”
Jan 5th Bad River Band denies Embridge easement
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